urban

Urban Segregation and Inequality

Scoping Study on the performance and market value of energy efficient homes

Pryce, Gwilym; McVie, Susan, 'Scoping Study on the performance and market value of energy efficient homes.'

Conference paper: Residential Segregation, Social Mix and Social Integration

Pryce, G., 'Residential Segregation, Social Mix and Social Integration';  The FSS Conference, University of Sheffield

Segregation Literature Review

In this project we aim to understand how segregation is defined and measured. In particular, we are interested in the dimensions of segregation that different measures are trying to capture, and the pros and cons of different measurement approaches. The review has a critical element to it in that we seek to ascertain whether a segregation index is measuring what we think it is measuring and whether there is evidence on how robust a measure is to particular measurement challenges such as the Modifiable Area Unit Problem (MAUP).

Quantifying Uncertainty in Segregation Measurement

In the vast literature on segregation measurement, only a handful of papers attempt to address the issue of inference - computing confidence intervals for example for the index of dissimilarity and related measures. Quantifying uncertainty is important if we are to address basic questions about whether there have been genuine changes in segregation over time or between cities. For example, has there been a statistically significant fall in religious segregation in Northern Ireland, or is the apparent decline due to random variation?

Modelling social boundaries and the interconnectedness of place

This project aims to move beyond simple use of social mix as an indicator of residential segregation. An area can have a high degree of social mix but a low level of social integration and two areas can be very different and yet have a shallow/blurred boundary, while other contrasting communities have precipitous frontiers often associated with social tension. Meanwhile, other neighbourhoods perceived to be very similar or socially/economically connected can be located far apart.

Inequalities in exposure to pollution - An example of environmental injustice?

Exposure to pollution has been linked to social deprivation. We seek to explore the extent to which this is true in Scotland, whether there have been changes in this relationship over time, and what the causes are.

 

Image: Flickr - Scott Morris

House Price Impacts of Social and Environmental (Dis)Amenities

House prices are a very useful tool for estimating the conomic value of a particular social or environmental impact. By controlling variations in house quality and size it is possible to identify the effect proximity to particular phenomenon has on house value, revealing people's willingness to pay to avoid or access that phenomenon. We are particularly interested in estimating the house price impact of crime and education, but we will also explore the house price effect of environmental factors such as pollution, wind turbines and energy efficiency.

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